On 23 January 2022, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), the parliamentary body of the Council of Europe, issued a statement titled “Dealing with the Problem of Daesh Foreign Combatants and Their Families from Syria and Other Countries to Join the Council of Europe”. Back to the Country.” The report and draft resolution were prepared by Pieter Omtzigt, member of the Dutch parliament and PACE special rapporteur on bringing Daesh to justice. Omtzigt has produced several other PACE reports and resolutions on the atrocities of the Daesh genocide and the need for a comprehensive response. He also made the first decision by a major international organization that his Daesh atrocities were genocide. Now he is calling on his PACE members to address the issue of his Daesh foreign fighters who may be returned to their European homelands.
A terrorist group that includes thousands of foreign fighters, most notably more than 5,000 from Europe, Daesh commits murder, enslavement, deportation, deportation of the population, imprisonment, torture, kidnapping of women and children, exploitation, Abuse, rape, sexual violence, forced marriage. Governments, parliaments and international organizations recognize atrocities as crimes against humanity and war crimes. When the atrocities are directed against minorities of religious or religious numbers, including Yazidis and Christians, the atrocities fall under the law of genocide under Article 2 of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of Genocide Crime. said to meet the definition. On August 3, 2014, Daesh unleashed a banned act against He Yazidis, an Iraqi ethno-religious minority group. Daesh fighters killed hundreds, if not thousands. As part of the same campaign, Daesh fighters kidnapped boys to become child soldiers and turned women and girls into sex slaves. More than 2,700 women and children are still missing and their whereabouts are unknown. Days after the attack on Sinjar, Daesh also attacked the Ninevah Plain, and in the middle of the night he forced more than 120,000 people to flee for their lives.
Genocide decisions are made by several international bodies, including PACE, the European Parliament, the US State Department, the Canadian and Dutch governments, and more than a dozen parliaments. Most recently, on January 19, 2023, the German parliament received approval as well.
The international community has banded together to stop Daesh. However, Daesh has not disappeared from the region. Moreover, Daesh’s ideology is never challenged. As Omtzigt warns, Daesh continues to pose a threat to communities in the Middle East,[Daesh] Foreign combatants suspected of involvement in genocide and other serious international crimes pose a grave threat to society. It is ideology that has driven them to commit such crimes, including genocide against Yazidis. He went on to state that regarding Daesh foreign fighters who continue to threaten communities, going to the Middle East to spread havoc and commit atrocities aimed at destroying religious or religious minorities: is added like You have lost the right to have a family life… Separation from your child may be necessary even in your child’s best interests. Countries should therefore consider repatriating children of foreign combatants to their countries of nationality to be with their families without repatriating their parents. ”
Over the past eight years, little has been done to bring perpetrators to justice. Mr. Omzigt’s report and draft resolution call for a comprehensive response to atrocities and a victim- and survivor-centered response. In response, on 19 January 2023, multiple human rights groups and experts urged his PACE members to endorse the report and resolution, revitalizing efforts to ensure justice and accountability. I asked you to As their joint statement indicates, “It is imperative that all individuals who have committed or conspired in these international crimes take full and complete responsibility for their actions. As we have seen over the years, in parts of Europe and North America, members of Da’esh, especially female members, are ignorant or falsely claiming to be victims, and resorting to legal means to take their own lives. There is a tendency to escape accountability for actions, acting without repentance or remorse for the betterment of oneself.” The ongoing threats posed and the omnipresent ideologies that have driven them to their genocidal atrocities cannot be undermined. , will only lead to more and more impunity and enable more crimes.”
No Daesh member can escape justice. Likewise, victims and survivors cannot wait decades for justice and accountability. PACE members and politicians around the world must find the political will to place victims and survivors.